Виртуальную машину можно создать с помощью команды virt-install. Программа virt-install является частью пакета virtinst.

Установка пакета virtinst:

sudo apt-get install virtinst

Полный список параметров virt-install:

virt-install --help
Usage: virt-install --name NAME --ram RAM STORAGE INSTALL [options]

Options:
  --version             show program's version number and exit
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --connect=URI         Подключиться к гипевизору,
                        используя libvirt URI

  Общие параметры:
    -n NAME, --name=NAME
                        Name of the guest instance
    -r MEMORY, --ram=MEMORY
                        Memory to allocate for guest instance in megabytes
    --vcpus=VCPUS       Количество виртуальных ЦПУ
                        для настройки гостевой
                        системы. Например:
                        --vcpus 5
                        --vcpus 5,maxcpus=10
                        --vcpus sockets=2,cores=4,threads=2
    --cpuset=CPUSET     Задать физические
                        процессоры, которые может
                        использовать домен.
    --cpu=CPU           Модель ЦПУ и возможности.
                        Например: --cpu coreduo,+x2apic
    --description=DESCRIPTION
                        Human readable description of the VM to store in the
                        generated XML.
    --security=SECURITY
                        Set domain security driver configuration.
    --numatune=NUMATUNE
                        Tune NUMA policy for the domain process.

  Параметры метода установки:
    -c CDROM, --cdrom=CDROM
                        Установочный компакт-диск CD-
                        ROM
    -l LOCATION, --location=LOCATION
                        Источник установки (например,
                        nfs:host:/path, http://host/path, ftp://host/path)
    --pxe               Выполнить загрузку из сети
                        используя протокол PXE
    --import            Build guest around an existing disk image
    --init=INIT         Path to init binary for container guest. Ex:
                        --init /path/to/app (to contain an application)
                        --init /sbin/init (for a full OS container)
    --livecd            Treat the CD-ROM media as a Live CD
    -x EXTRA, --extra-args=EXTRA
                        Additional arguments to pass to the install kernel
                        booted from --location
    --initrd-inject=INITRD_INJECTIONS
                        Add given file to root of initrd from --location
    --os-type=DISTRO_TYPE
                        Тип устанавливаемой ОС,
                        например 'linux', 'unix', 'windows'
    --os-variant=DISTRO_VARIANT
                        The OS variant being installed guests, e.g. 'fedora6',
                        'rhel5', 'solaris10', 'win2k'
    --boot=BOOTOPTS     Optionally configure post-install boot order, menu,
                        permanent kernel boot, etc.

  Настройка хранилища:
    --disk=DISKOPTS     Specify storage with various options. Ex.
                        --disk path=/my/existing/disk
                        --disk path=/my/new/disk,size=5 (in gigabytes)
                        --disk vol=poolname:volname,device=cdrom,bus=scsi,...
    --nodisks           Don't set up any disks for the guest.
    --filesystem=FILESYSTEMS
                        Pass host directory to the guest. Ex:
                        --filesystem /my/source/dir,/dir/in/guest
                        --filesystem template_name,/,type=template

  Настройка сети:
    -w NETWORK, --network=NETWORK
                        Настройка гостевого сетевого
                        интерфейса. Например:
                        --network bridge=mybr0
                        --network network=my_libvirt_virtual_net
                        --network network=mynet,model=virtio,mac=00:11...
    --nonetworks        Не создавать сетевые
                        интерфейсы для гостевой
                        системы.

  Настройки графики:
    --graphics=GRAPHICS
                        Настроить настройки экрана
                        гостевой системы. Например:
                        --graphics vnc
                        --graphics spice,port=5901,tlsport=5902
                        --graphics none
                        --graphics vnc,password=foobar,port=5910,keymap=ja
    --noautoconsole     Don't automatically try to connect to the guest
                        console

  Настройки устройства:
    --controller=CONTROLLER
                        Настроить устройство
                        гостевого контроллера.
                        Например:
                        --controller type=usb,model=ich9-ehci1
    --serial=SERIALS    Настроить гостевое
                        последовательное устройство
    --parallel=PARALLELS
                        Настроить гостевое
                        параллельное устройство
    --channel=CHANNELS  Настроить гостевой канал
                        связи
    --console=CONSOLES  Настроить соединение через
                        текстовую консоль между
                        гостевой системой и основным
                        узлом
    --host-device=HOSTDEVS
                        Настроить физические
                        устройства основного узла,
                        присоединённые к гостевой
                        системе
    --soundhw=SOUNDHW   Настроить эмуляцию звукового
                        устройства в гостевой
                        системе
    --watchdog=WATCHDOG
                        Configure a guest watchdog device
    --video=VIDEO       Настроить аппаратное видео в
                        гостевой системе
    --smartcard=SMARTCARD
                        Настроить гостевое
                        смарт-карт устройство.
                        Например:
                        --smartcard mode=passthrough
    --redirdev=REDIRDEV
                        Настроить гостевое
                        устройство перенаправления.
                        Например:
                        --redirdev usb,type=tcp,server=192.168.1.1:4000

  Virtualization Platform Options:
    -v, --hvm           This guest should be a fully virtualized guest
    -p, --paravirt      This guest should be a paravirtualized guest
    --container         This guest should be a container guest
    --virt-type=HV_TYPE
                        Hypervisor name to use (kvm, qemu, xen, ...)
    --arch=ARCH         Имитируемая архитектура ЦПУ
    --machine=MACHINE   Имитируемый тип машины
    --noapic            Disables APIC for fully virtualized guest (overrides
                        value in os-type/os-variant db)
    --noacpi            Disables ACPI for fully virtualized guest (overrides
                        value in os-type/os-variant db)
    -u UUID, --uuid=UUID
                        UUID для гостевой системы.

  Дополнительные параметры:
    --autostart         Have domain autostart on host boot up.
    --print-xml         Print the generated domain XML rather than define the
                        guest.
    --print-step=XMLSTEP
                        Print XML of a specific install step (1, 2, 3, all)
                        rather than define the guest.
    --noreboot          Не выполнять загрузку
                        гостевой системы после
                        завершения установки.
    --wait=WAIT         Время ожидания (в минутах)
    --dry-run           Run through install process, but do not create devices
                        or define the guest.
    --force             Forces 'yes' for any applicable prompts, terminates
                        for all others
    -q, --quiet         Suppress non-error output
    --prompt            Request user input for ambiguous situations or
                        required options.
    -d, --debug         Показать отладочную
                        информацию

man virt-install

VIRT-INSTALL(1)                 Virtual Machine Install Tools                 VIRT-INSTALL(1)

NAME
       virt-install - provision new virtual machines

SYNOPSIS
       virt-install [OPTION]...

DESCRIPTION
       virt-install is a command line tool for creating new KVM, Xen, or Linux container
       guests using the "libvirt" hypervisor management library.  См. секцию ПРИМЕРЫ в
       конце этого документа, чтобы быстро приступить к работе.

       virt-install tool supports both text based & graphical installations, using VNC or SDL
       graphics, or a text serial console. The guest can be configured to use one or more
       virtual disks, network interfaces, audio devices, physical USB or PCI devices, among
       others.

       The installation media can be held locally or remotely on NFS, HTTP, FTP servers. In
       the latter case "virt-install" will fetch the minimal files necessary to kick off the
       installation process, allowing the guest to fetch the rest of the OS distribution as
       needed. PXE booting, and importing an existing disk image (thus skipping the install
       phase) are also supported.

       Given suitable command line arguments, "virt-install" is capable of running completely
       unattended, with the guest 'kickstarting' itself too. This allows for easy automation
       of guest installs. An interactive mode is also available with the --prompt option, but
       this will only ask for the minimum required options.

OPTIONS
       Most options are not required. Minimum requirements are --name, --ram, guest storage
       (--disk, --filesystem or --nodisks), and an install option.

       -h, --help
         Show the help message and exit

       --connect=CONNECT
         Connect to a non-default hypervisor. The default connection is chosen based on the
         following rules:

         xen If running on a host with the Xen kernel (checks against /proc/xen)

         qemu:///system
             If running on a bare metal kernel as root (needed for KVM installs)

         qemu:///session
             If running on a bare metal kernel as non-root

             It is only necessary to provide the "--connect" argument if this default
             prioritization is incorrect, eg if wanting to use QEMU while on a Xen kernel.

   General Options
       General configuration parameters that apply to all types of guest installs.

       -n NAME, --name=NAME
         Name of the new guest virtual machine instance. This must be unique amongst all
         guests known to the hypervisor on the connection, including those not currently
         active. To re-define an existing guest, use the virsh(1) tool to shut it down
         ('virsh shutdown') & delete ('virsh undefine') it prior to running "virt-install".

       -r MEMORY, --ram=MEMORY
         Memory to allocate for guest instance in megabytes. If the hypervisor does not have
         enough free memory, it is usual for it to automatically take memory away from the
         host operating system to satisfy this allocation.

       --arch=ARCH
         Request a non-native CPU architecture for the guest virtual machine.  If omitted,
         the host CPU architecture will be used in the guest.

       --machine=MACHINE
         The machine type to emulate. This will typically not need to be specified for Xen or
         KVM, but is useful for choosing machine types of more exotic architectures.

       -u UUID, --uuid=UUID
         UUID for the guest; if none is given a random UUID will be generated. If you specify
         UUID, you should use a 32-digit hexadecimal number. UUID are intended to be unique
         across the entire data center, and indeed world. Bear this in mind if manually
         specifying a UUID

       --vcpus=VCPUS[,maxvcpus=MAX][,sockets=#][,cores=#][,threads=#]
         Number of virtual cpus to configure for the guest. If 'maxvcpus' is specified, the
         guest will be able to hotplug up to MAX vcpus while the guest is running, but will
         startup with VCPUS.

         CPU topology can additionally be specified with sockets, cores, and threads.  If
         values are omitted, the rest will be autofilled prefering sockets over cores over
         threads.

       --cpuset=CPUSET
         Set which physical cpus the guest can use. "CPUSET" is a comma separated list of
         numbers, which can also be specified in ranges or cpus to exclude. Example:

             0,2,3,5     : Use processors 0,2,3 and 5
             1-5,^3,8    : Use processors 1,2,4,5 and 8

         If the value 'auto' is passed, virt-install attempts to automatically determine an
         optimal cpu pinning using NUMA data, if available.

       --numatune=NODESET,[mode=MODE]
         Tune NUMA policy for the domain process. Example invocations

             --numatune 1,2,3,4-7
             --numatune \"1-3,5\",mode=preferred

         Specifies the numa nodes to allocate memory from. This has the same syntax as
         "--cpuset" option. mode can be one of 'interleave', 'preferred', or 'strict' (the
         default). See 'man 8 numactl' for information about each mode.

         The nodeset string must use escaped-quotes if specifying any other option.

       --cpu MODEL[,+feature][,-feature][,match=MATCH][,vendor=VENDOR]
         Configure the CPU model and CPU features exposed to the guest. The only required
         value is MODEL, which is a valid CPU model as listed in libvirt's cpu_map.xml file.

         Specific CPU features can be specified in a number of ways: using one of libvirt's
         feature policy values force, require, optional, disable, or forbid, or with the
         shorthand '+feature' and '-feature', which equal 'force=feature' and
         'disable=feature' respectively

         Some examples:

         --cpu core2duo,+x2apic,disable=vmx
           Expose the core2duo CPU model, force enable x2apic, but do not expose vmx

         --cpu host
           Expose the host CPUs configuration to the guest. This enables the guest to take
           advantage of many of the host CPUs features (better performance), but may cause
           issues if migrating the guest to a host without an identical CPU.

       --description
         Human readable text description of the virtual machine. This will be stored in the
         guests XML configuration for access by other applications.

       --security type=TYPE[,label=LABEL][,relabel=yes|no]
         Configure domain security driver settings. Type can be either 'static' or 'dynamic'.
         'static' configuration requires a security LABEL. Specifying LABEL without TYPE
         implies static configuration. To have libvirt automatically apply your static label,
         you must specify relabel=yes.

   Installation Method options
       -c CDROM, --cdrom=CDROM
         File or device use as a virtual CD-ROM device for fully virtualized guests.  It can
         be path to an ISO image, or to a CDROM device. It can also be a URL from which to
         fetch/access a minimal boot ISO image. The URLs take the same format as described
         for the "--location" argument. If a cdrom has been specified via the "--disk"
         option, and neither "--cdrom" nor any other install option is specified, the
         "--disk" cdrom is used as the install media.

       -l LOCATION, --location=LOCATION
         Distribution tree installtion source. virt-install can recognize certain
         distribution trees and fetches a bootable kernel/initrd pair to launch the install.

         With libvirt 0.9.4 or later, network URL installs work for remote connections.
         virt-install will download kernel/initrd to the local machine, and then upload the
         media to the remote host. This option requires the URL to be accessible by both the
         local and remote host.

         The "LOCATION" can take one of the following forms:

         DIRECTORY
             Path to a local directory containing an installable distribution image

         nfs:host:/path or nfs://host/path
             An NFS server location containing an installable distribution image

         http://host/path
             An HTTP server location containing an installable distribution image

         ftp://host/path
             An FTP server location containing an installable distribution image

         Some distro specific url samples:

         Fedora/Red Hat Based
             http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/10/Fedora/i386/os/

         Debian/Ubuntu
             http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/dists/etch/main/installer-amd64/

         Suse
             http://download.opensuse.org/distribution/11.0/repo/oss/

         Mandriva
             ftp://ftp.uwsg.indiana.edu/linux/mandrake/official/2009.0/i586/

         Mageia
             ftp://distrib-coffee.ipsl.jussieu.fr/pub/linux/Mageia/distrib/1

       --pxe
         Use the PXE boot protocol to load the initial ramdisk and kernel for starting the
         guest installation process.

       --import
         Skip the OS installation process, and build a guest around an existing disk image.
         The device used for booting is the first device specified via "--disk" or
         "--filesystem".

       --init=INITPATH
         Path to a binary that the container guest will init. If a root "--filesystem" is has
         been specified, virt-install will default to /sbin/init, otherwise will default to
         /bin/sh.

       --livecd
         Specify that the installation media is a live CD and thus the guest needs to be
         configured to boot off the CDROM device permanently. It may be desirable to also use
         the "--nodisks" flag in combination.

       -x EXTRA, --extra-args=EXTRA
         Additional kernel command line arguments to pass to the installer when performing a
         guest install from "--location". One common usage is specifying an anaconda
         kickstart file for automated installs, such as --extra-args
         "ks=http://myserver/my.ks"

       --initrd-inject=PATH
         Add PATH to the root of the initrd fetched with "--location". This can be used to
         run an automated install without requiring a network hosted kickstart file:

         --initrd-inject=/path/to/my.ks --extra-args "ks=file:/my.ks"

       --os-type=OS_TYPE
         Optimize the guest configuration for a type of operating system (ex. 'linux',
         'windows'). This will attempt to pick the most suitable ACPI & APIC settings,
         optimally supported mouse drivers, virtio, and generally accommodate other operating
         system quirks.

         By default, virt-install will attempt to auto detect this value from the install
         media (currently only supported for URL installs). Autodetection can be disabled
         with the special value 'none'

         See "--os-variant" for valid options.

       --os-variant=OS_VARIANT
         Further optimize the guest configuration for a specific operating system variant
         (ex. 'fedora8', 'winxp'). This parameter is optional, and does not require an
         "--os-type" to be specified.

         By default, virt-install will attempt to auto detect this value from the install
         media (currently only supported for URL installs). Autodetection can be disabled
         with the special value 'none'.

         If the special value 'list' is passed, virt-install will print the full list of
         variant values and exit. The printed format is not a stable interface, DO NOT PARSE
         IT.

         If the special value 'none' is passed, no os variant is recorded and OS
         autodetection is disabled.

         Values for some recent OS options are:

         win7                 : Microsoft Windows 7
         vista                : Microsoft Windows Vista
         winxp64              : Microsoft Windows XP (x86_64)
         winxp                : Microsoft Windows XP
         win2k8               : Microsoft Windows Server 2008
         win2k3               : Microsoft Windows Server 2003
         freebsd8             : FreeBSD 8.x
         generic              : Generic
         debianwheezy         : Debian Wheezy
         debiansqueeze        : Debian Squeeze
         debianlenny          : Debian Lenny
         fedora16             : Fedora 16
         fedora15             : Fedora 15
         fedora14             : Fedora 14
         mageia1              : Mageia 1 and later
         mes5.1               : Mandriva Enterprise Server 5.1 and later
         mandriva2010         : Mandriva Linux 2010 and later
         rhel6                : Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6
         rhel5.4              : Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 or later
         rhel4                : Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4
         sles11               : Suse Linux Enterprise Server 11
         sles10               : Suse Linux Enterprise Server
         opensuse12           : openSuse 12
         opensuse11           : openSuse 11
         ubuntutrusty          : Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (Trusty Tahr)
         ubuntusaucy          : Ubuntu 13.10 (Saucy Salamander)
         ubunturaring         : Ubuntu 13.04 (Raring Ringtail)
         ubuntuquantal        : Ubuntu 12.10 (Quantal Quetzal)
         ubuntuprecise        : Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin)
         ubuntulucid          : Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx)

         Use '--os-variant list' to see the full OS list

       --boot=BOOTOPTS
         Optionally specify the post-install VM boot configuration. This option allows
         specifying a boot device order, permanently booting off kernel/initrd with option
         kernel arguments, and enabling a BIOS boot menu (requires libvirt 0.8.3 or later)

         --boot can be specified in addition to other install options (such as --location,
         --cdrom, etc.) or can be specified on it's own. In the latter case, behavior is
         similar to the --import install option: there is no 'install' phase, the guest is
         just created and launched as specified.

         Some examples:

         --boot cdrom,fd,hd,network,menu=on
           Set the boot device priority as first cdrom, first floppy, first harddisk, network
           PXE boot. Additionally enable BIOS boot menu prompt.

         --boot kernel=KERNEL,initrd=INITRD,kernel_args="console=/dev/ttyS0"
           Have guest permanently boot off a local kernel/initrd pair, with the specified
           kernel options.

   Storage Configuration
       --disk=DISKOPTS
         Specifies media to use as storage for the guest, with various options. The general
         format of a disk string is

             --disk opt1=val1,opt2=val2,...

         To specify media, the command can either be:

             --disk /some/storage/path,opt1=val1

         or explicitly specify one of the following arguments:

         path
             A path to some storage media to use, existing or not. Existing media can be a
             file or block device. If installing on a remote host, the existing media must be
             shared as a libvirt storage volume.

             Specifying a non-existent path implies attempting to create the new storage, and
             will require specifyng a 'size' value. If the base directory of the path is a
             libvirt storage pool on the host, the new storage will be created as a libvirt
             storage volume. For remote hosts, the base directory is required to be a storage
             pool if using this method.

         pool
             An existing libvirt storage pool name to create new storage on. Requires
             specifying a 'size' value.

         vol An existing libvirt storage volume to use. This is specified as
             'poolname/volname'.

         Other available options:

         device
             Disk device type. Value can be 'cdrom', 'disk', or 'floppy'. Default is 'disk'.
             If a 'cdrom' is specified, and no install method is chosen, the cdrom is used as
             the install media.

         bus Disk bus type. Value can be 'ide', 'sata', 'scsi', 'usb', 'virtio' or 'xen'.
             The default is hypervisor dependent since not all hypervisors support all bus
             types.

         perms
             Disk permissions. Value can be 'rw' (Read/Write), 'ro' (Readonly), or 'sh'
             (Shared Read/Write). Default is 'rw'

         size
             size (in GB) to use if creating new storage

         sparse
             whether to skip fully allocating newly created storage. Value is 'true' or
             'false'. Default is 'true' (do not fully allocate).

             The initial time taken to fully-allocate the guest virtual disk (sparse=false)
             will be usually by balanced by faster install times inside the guest. Thus use
             of this option is recommended to ensure consistently high performance and to
             avoid I/O errors in the guest should the host filesystem fill up.

         cache
             The cache mode to be used. The host pagecache provides cache memory.  The cache
             value can be 'none', 'writethrough', or 'writeback'.  'writethrough' provides
             read caching. 'writeback' provides read and write caching.

         format
             Image format to be used if creating managed storage. For file volumes, this can
             be 'raw', 'qcow2', 'vmdk', etc. See format types in
             <http://libvirt.org/storage.html> for possible values. This is often mapped to
             the driver_type value as well.

             With libvirt 0.8.3 and later, this option should be specified if reusing and
             existing disk image, since libvirt does not autodetect storage format as it is a
             potential security issue. For example, if reusing an existing qcow2 image, you
             will want to specify format=qcow2, otherwise the hypervisor may not be able to
             read your disk image.

         driver_name
             Driver name the hypervisor should use when accessing the specified storage.
             Typically does not need to be set by the user.

         driver_type
             Driver format/type the hypervisor should use when accessing the specified
             storage. Typically does not need to be set by the user.

         io  Disk IO backend. Can be either "threads" or "native".

         error_policy
             How guest should react if a write error is encountered. Can be one of "stop",
             "ignore", or "enospace"

         serial
             Serial number of the emulated disk device. This is used in linux guests to set
             /dev/disk/by-id symlinks. An example serial number might be: WD-WMAP9A966149

         See the examples section for some uses. This option deprecates "--file",
         "--file-size", and "--nonsparse".

       --filesystem
         Specifies a directory on the host to export to the guest. The most simple invocation
         is:

             --filesystem /source/on/host,/target/point/in/guest

         Which will work for recent QEMU and linux guest OS or LXC containers. For QEMU, the
         target point is just a mounting hint in sysfs, so will not be automatically mounted.

         The following explicit options can be specified:

         type
             The type or the source directory. Valid values are 'mount' (the default) or
             'template' for OpenVZ templates.

         mode
             The access mode for the source directory from the guest OS. Only used with QEMU
             and type=mount. Valid modes are 'passthrough' (the default), 'mapped', or
             'squash'. See libvirt domain XML documentation for more info.

         source
             The directory on the host to share.

         target
             The mount location to use in the guest.

       --nodisks
         Request a virtual machine without any local disk storage, typically used for running
         'Live CD' images or installing to network storage (iSCSI or NFS root).

       -f DISKFILE, --file=DISKFILE
         This option is deprecated in favor of "--disk path=DISKFILE".

       -s DISKSIZE, --file-size=DISKSIZE
         This option is deprecated in favor of "--disk ...,size=DISKSIZE,..."

       --nonsparse
         This option is deprecated in favor of "--disk ...,sparse=false,..."

   Networking Configuration
       -w NETWORK, --network=NETWORK,opt1=val1,opt2=val2
         Connect the guest to the host network. The value for "NETWORK" can take one of 3
         formats:

         bridge=BRIDGE
             Connect to a bridge device in the host called "BRIDGE". Use this option if the
             host has static networking config & the guest requires full outbound and inbound
             connectivity  to/from the LAN. Also use this if live migration will be used with
             this guest.

         network=NAME
             Connect to a virtual network in the host called "NAME". Virtual networks can be
             listed, created, deleted using the "virsh" command line tool. In an unmodified
             install of "libvirt" there is usually a virtual network with a name of
             "default". Use a virtual network if the host has dynamic networking (eg
             NetworkManager), or using wireless. The guest will be NATed to the LAN by
             whichever connection is active.

         user
             Connect to the LAN using SLIRP. Only use this if running a QEMU guest as an
             unprivileged user. This provides a very limited form of NAT.

         If this option is omitted a single NIC will be created in the guest. If there is a
         bridge device in the host with a physical interface enslaved, that will be used for
         connectivity. Failing that, the virtual network called "default" will be used. This
         option can be specified multiple times to setup more than one NIC.

         Other available options are:

         model
             Network device model as seen by the guest. Value can be any nic model supported
             by the hypervisor, e.g.: 'e1000', 'rtl8139', 'virtio', ...

         mac Fixed MAC address for the guest; If this parameter is omitted, or the value
             "RANDOM" is specified a suitable address will be randomly generated. For Xen
             virtual machines it is required that the first 3 pairs in the MAC address be the
             sequence '00:16:3e', while for QEMU or KVM virtual machines it must be
             '52:54:00'.

       --nonetworks
         Request a virtual machine without any network interfaces.

       -b BRIDGE, --bridge=BRIDGE
         This parameter is deprecated in favour of "--network bridge=bridge_name".

       -m MAC, --mac=MAC
         This parameter is deprecated in favour of "--network NETWORK,mac=12:34..."

   Graphics Configuration
       If no graphics option is specified, "virt-install" will default to '--graphics vnc' if
       the DISPLAY environment variable is set, otherwise '--graphics none' is used.

       --graphics TYPE,opt1=arg1,opt2=arg2,...
         Specifies the graphical display configuration. This does not configure any virtual
         hardware, just how the guest's graphical display can be accessed.  Typically the
         user does not need to specify this option, virt-install will try and choose a useful
         default, and launch a suitable connection.

         General format of a graphical string is

             --graphics TYPE,opt1=arg1,opt2=arg2,...

         For example:

             --graphics vnc,password=foobar

         The supported options are:

         type
             The display type. This is one of:

             vnc

             Setup a virtual console in the guest and export it as a VNC server in the host.
             Unless the "port" parameter is also provided, the VNC server will run on the
             first free port number at 5900 or above. The actual VNC display allocated can be
             obtained using the "vncdisplay" command to "virsh" (or virt-viewer(1) can be
             used which handles this detail for the use).

             sdl

             Setup a virtual console in the guest and display an SDL window in the host to
             render the output. If the SDL window is closed the guest may be unconditionally
             terminated.

             spice

             Export the guest's console using the Spice protocol. Spice allows advanced
             features like audio and USB device streaming, as well as improved graphical
             performance.

             Using spice graphic type will work as if those arguments were given:

                 --video qxl --channel spicevmc

             none

             No graphical console will be allocated for the guest. Fully virtualized guests
             (Xen FV or QEmu/KVM) will need to have a text console configured on the first
             serial port in the guest (this can be done via the --extra-args option). Xen PV
             will set this up automatically. The command 'virsh console NAME' can be used to
             connect to the serial device.

         port
             Request a permanent, statically assigned port number for the guest console. This
             is used by 'vnc' and 'spice'

         tlsport
             Specify the spice tlsport.

         listen
             Address to listen on for VNC/Spice connections. Default is typically 127.0.0.1
             (localhost only), but some hypervisors allow changing this globally (for
             example, the qemu driver default can be changed in /etc/libvirt/qemu.conf).  Use
             0.0.0.0 to allow access from other machines. This is use by 'vnc' and 'spice'

         keymap
             Request that the virtual VNC console be configured to run with a specific
             keyboard layout. If the special value 'local' is specified, virt-install will
             attempt to configure to use the same keymap as the local system. A value of
             'none' specifically defers to the hypervisor. Default behavior is hypervisor
             specific, but typically is the same as 'local'. This is used by 'vnc'

         password
             Request a VNC password, required at connection time. Beware, this info may end
             up in virt-install log files, so don't use an important password. This is used
             by 'vnc' and 'spice'

         passwordvalidto
             Set an expiration date for password. After the date/time has passed, all new
             graphical connections are denyed until a new password is set.  This is used by
             'vnc' and 'spice'

             The format for this value is YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS, for example
             2011-04-01T14:30:15

       --vnc
         This option is deprecated in favor of "--graphics vnc,..."

       --vncport=VNCPORT
         This option is deprecated in favor of "--graphics vnc,port=PORT,..."

       --vnclisten=VNCLISTEN
         This option is deprecated in favor of "--graphics vnc,listen=LISTEN,..."

       -k KEYMAP, --keymap=KEYMAP
         This option is deprecated in favor of "--graphics vnc,keymap=KEYMAP,..."

       --sdl
         This option is deprecated in favor of "--graphics sdl,..."

       --nographics
         This option is deprecated in favor of "--graphics none"

       --noautoconsole
         Don't automatically try to connect to the guest console. The default behaviour is to
         launch a VNC client to display the graphical console, or to run the "virsh"
         "console" command to display the text console. Use of this parameter will disable
         this behaviour.

   Virtualization Type options
       Options to override the default virtualization type choices.

       -v, --hvm
         Request the use of full virtualization, if both para & full virtualization are
         available on the host. This parameter may not be available if connecting to a Xen
         hypervisor on a machine without hardware virtualization support. This parameter is
         implied if connecting to a QEMU based hypervisor.

       -p, --paravirt
         This guest should be a paravirtualized guest. If the host supports both para & full
         virtualization, and neither this parameter nor the "--hvm" are specified, this will
         be assumed.

       --container
         This guest should be a container type guest. This option is only required if the
         hypervisor supports other guest types as well (so for example this option is the
         default behavior for LXC and OpenVZ, but is provided for completeness).

       --virt-type
         The hypervisor to install on. Example choices are kvm, qemu, xen, or kqemu.
         Available options are listed via 'virsh capabilities' in the  tags.

       --accelerate
         Prefer KVM or KQEMU (in that order) if installing a QEMU guest. This behavior is now
         the default, and this option is deprecated. To install a plain QEMU guest, use
         '--virt-type qemu'

       --noapic
         Force disable APIC for the guest.

       --noacpi
         Force disable ACPI for the guest.

   Device Options
       --controller=TYPE[,OPTS]
         Attach a controller device to the guest. TYPE is one of: ide, fdc, scsi, sata,
         virtio-serial, or usb.

         model
             Controller model.

         address
             Controller address, current PCI of form 'bus:domain:slot:function'.

         index
             A decimal integer describing in which order the bus controller is encountered,
             and to reference the controller bus.

         master
             Applicable to USB companion controllers, to define the master bus startport.

         Example:

         --controller usb,model=ich9-uhci2,address=0:0:4.7,index=0,master=2
             Adds a ICH9 USB companion controller on PCI address 0:0:4.7 with master bus 0
             and first port 2.

       --host-device=HOSTDEV
         Attach a physical host device to the guest. Some example values for HOSTDEV:

         --host-device pci_0000_00_1b_0
           A node device name via libvirt, as shown by 'virsh nodedev-list'

         --host-device 001.003
           USB by bus, device (via lsusb).

         --host-device 0x1234:0x5678
           USB by vendor, product (via lsusb).

         --host-device 1f.01.02
           PCI device (via lspci).

       --soundhw MODEL
         Attach a virtual audio device to the guest. MODEL specifies the emulated sound card
         model. Possible values are ich6, ac97, es1370, sb16, pcspk, or default. 'default'
         will be AC97 if the hypervisor supports it, otherwise it will be ES1370.

         This deprecates the old boolean --sound model (which still works the same as a
         single '--soundhw default')

       --watchdog MODEL[,action=ACTION]
         Attach a virtual hardware watchdog device to the guest. This requires a daemon and
         device driver in the guest. The watchdog fires a signal when the virtual machine
         appears to hung. ACTION specifies what libvirt will do when the watchdog fires.
         Values are

         reset
             Forcefully reset the guest (the default)

         poweroff
             Forcefully power off the guest

         pause
             Pause the guest

         none
             Do nothing

         shutdown
             Gracefully shutdown the guest (not recommended, since a hung guest probably
             won't respond to a graceful shutdown)

         MODEL is the emulated device model: either i6300esb (the default) or ib700.  Some
         examples:

         Use the recommended settings:

         --watchdog default

         Use the i6300esb with the 'poweroff' action

         --watchdog i6300esb,action=poweroff

       --parallel=CHAROPTS
       --serial=CHAROPTS
         Specifies a serial device to attach to the guest, with various options. The general
         format of a serial string is

             --serial type,opt1=val1,opt2=val2,...

         --serial and --parallel devices share all the same options, unless otherwise noted.
         Some of the types of character device redirection are:

         --serial pty
             Pseudo TTY. The allocated pty will be listed in the running guests XML
             description.

         --serial dev,path=HOSTPATH
             Host device. For serial devices, this could be /dev/ttyS0. For parallel devices,
             this could be /dev/parport0.

         --serial file,path=FILENAME
             Write output to FILENAME.

         --serial pipe,path=PIPEPATH
             Named pipe (see pipe(7))

         --serial tcp,host=HOST:PORT,mode=MODE,protocol=PROTOCOL
             TCP net console. MODE is either 'bind' (wait for connections on HOST:PORT) or
             'connect' (send output to HOST:PORT), default is 'bind'. HOST defaults to
             '127.0.0.1', but PORT is required. PROTOCOL can be either 'raw' or 'telnet'
             (default 'raw'). If 'telnet', the port acts like a telnet server or client.
             Some examples:

             Wait for connections on any address, port 4567:

             --serial tcp,host=0.0.0.0:4567

             Connect to localhost, port 1234:

             --serial tcp,host=:1234,mode=connect

             Wait for telnet connection on localhost, port 2222. The user could then connect
             interactively to this console via 'telnet localhost 2222':

             --serial tcp,host=:2222,mode=bind,protocol=telnet

         --serial udp,host=CONNECT_HOST:PORT,bind_host=BIND_HOST:BIND_PORT
             UDP net console. HOST:PORT is the destination to send output to (default HOST is
             '127.0.0.1', PORT is required). BIND_HOST:BIND_PORT is the optional local
             address to bind to (default BIND_HOST is 127.0.0.1, but is only set if BIND_PORT
             is specified). Some examples:

             Send output to default syslog port (may need to edit /etc/rsyslog.conf
             accordingly):

             --serial udp,host=:514

             Send output to remote host 192.168.10.20, port 4444 (this output can be read on
             the remote host using 'nc -u -l 4444'):

             --serial udp,host=192.168.10.20:4444

         --serial unix,path=UNIXPATH,mode=MODE
             Unix socket, see unix(7). MODE has similar behavior and defaults as --serial
             tcp,mode=MODE

       --channel
         Specifies a communication channel device to connect the guest and host machine. This
         option uses the same options as --serial and --parallel for specifying the
         host/source end of the channel. Extra 'target' options are used to specify how the
         guest machine sees the channel.

         Some of the types of character device redirection are:

         --channel SOURCE,target_type=guestfwd,target_address=HOST:PORT
             Communication channel using QEMU usermode networking stack. The guest can
             connect to the channel using the specified HOST:PORT combination.

         --channel SOURCE,target_type=virtio[,name=NAME]
             Communication channel using virtio serial (requires 2.6.34 or later host and
             guest). Each instance of a virtio --channel line is exposed in the guest as
             /dev/vport0p1, /dev/vport0p2, etc. NAME is optional metadata, and can be any
             string, such as org.linux-kvm.virtioport1.  If specified, this will be exposed
             in the guest at /sys/class/virtio-ports/vport0p1/NAME

         --channel spicevmc,target_type=virtio[,name=NAME]
             Communication channel for QEMU spice agent, using virtio serial (requires 2.6.34
             or later host and guest). NAME is optional metadata, and can be any string, such
             as the default com.redhat.spice.0 that specifies how the guest will see the
             channel.

       --console
         Connect a text console between the guest and host. Certain guest and hypervisor
         combinations can automatically set up a getty in the guest, so an out of the box
         text login can be provided (target_type=xen for xen paravirt guests, and possibly
         target_type=virtio in the future).

         Example:

         --console pty,target_type=virtio
             Connect a virtio console to the guest, redirected to a PTY on the host.  For
             supported guests, this exposes /dev/hvc0 in the guest. See
             http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Features/VirtioSerial for more info. virtio
             console requires libvirt 0.8.3 or later.

       --video=VIDEO
         Specify what video device model will be attached to the guest. Valid values for
         VIDEO are hypervisor specific, but some options for recent kvm are cirrus, vga, qxl,
         or vmvga (vmware).

       --smartcard=MODE[,OPTS]
         Configure a virtual smartcard device.

         Mode is one of host, host-certificates, or passthrough. Additional options are:

         type
             Character device type to connect to on the host. This is only applicable for
             passthrough mode.

         An example invocation:

         --smartcard passthrough,type=spicevmc
             Use the smartcard channel of a SPICE graphics device to pass smartcard info to
             the guest

         See "http://libvirt.org/formatdomain.html#elementsSmartcard" for complete details.

       --redirdev=BUS[,OPTS]
         Add a redirected device.

         type
             The redirection type, currently supported is tcp or spicevmc.

         server
             The TCP server connection details, of the form 'server:port'.

         Examples of invocation:

         --redirdev usb,type=tcp,server=localhost:4000
             Add a USB redirected device provided by the TCP server on 'localhost' port 4000.

         --redirdev usb,type=spicevmc
             Add a USB device redirected via a dedicated Spice channel.

   Miscellaneous Options
       --autostart
         Set the autostart flag for a domain. This causes the domain to be started on host
         boot up.

       --print-xml
         If the requested guest has no install phase (--import, --boot), print the generated
         XML instead of defining the guest. By default this WILL do storage creation (can be
         disabled with --dry-run).

         If the guest has an install phase, you will need to use --print-step to specify
         exactly what XML output you want. This option implies --quiet.

       --print-step
         Acts similarly to --print-xml, except requires specifying which install step to
         print XML for. Possible values are 1, 2, 3, or all. Stage 1 is typically booting
         from the install media, and stage 2 is typically the final guest config booting off
         hardisk. Stage 3 is only relevant for windows installs, which by default have a
         second install stage. This option implies --quiet.

       --noreboot
         Prevent the domain from automatically rebooting after the install has completed.

       --wait=WAIT
         Amount of time to wait (in minutes) for a VM to complete its install.  Without this
         option, virt-install will wait for the console to close (not neccessarily indicating
         the guest has shutdown), or in the case of --noautoconsole, simply kick off the
         install and exit. Any negative value will make virt-install wait indefinitely, a
         value of 0 triggers the same results as noautoconsole. If the time limit is
         exceeded, virt-install simply exits, leaving the virtual machine in its current
         state.

       --force
         Prevent interactive prompts. If the intended prompt was a yes/no prompt, always say
         yes. For any other prompts, the application will exit.

       --dry-run
         Proceed through the guest creation process, but do NOT create storage devices,
         change host device configuration, or actually teach libvirt about the guest.  virt-
         install may still fetch install media, since this is required to properly detect the
         OS to install.

       --prompt
         Specifically enable prompting for required information. Default prompting is off (as
         of virtinst 0.400.0)

       --check-cpu
         Check that the number virtual cpus requested does not exceed physical CPUs and warn
         if they do.

       -q, --quiet
         Only print fatal error messages.

       -d, --debug
         Print debugging information to the terminal when running the install process.  The
         debugging information is also stored in "$HOME/.virtinst/virt-install.log" even if
         this parameter is omitted.

ПРИМЕРЫ
       Install a Fedora 13 KVM guest with virtio accelerated disk/network, creating a new 8GB
       storage file, installing from media in the hosts CDROM drive, auto launching a
       graphical VNC viewer

         # virt-install \
              --connect qemu:///system \
              --virt-type kvm \
              --name demo \
              --ram 500 \
              --disk path=/var/lib/libvirt/images/demo.img,size=8 \
              --graphics vnc \
              --cdrom /dev/cdrom \
              --os-variant fedora13

       Install a Fedora 9 plain QEMU guest, using LVM partition, virtual networking, booting
       from PXE, using VNC server/viewer

         # virt-install \
              --connect qemu:///system \
              --name demo \
              --ram 500 \
              --disk path=/dev/HostVG/DemoVM \
              --network network=default \
              --virt-type qemu
              --graphics vnc \
              --os-variant fedora9

       Создать гостя с физическим разделом, с QEMU гипервизором, по умолчанию,
       для архитектуры ppc64 использующей SDL графику, удаленное ядро и initrd:

         # virt-install \
              --connect qemu:///system \
              --name demo \
              --ram 500 \
              --disk path=/dev/hdc \
              --network bridge=eth1 \
              --arch ppc64 \
              --graphics sdl \
              --location http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/core/6/x86_64/os/

       Run a Live CD image under Xen fullyvirt, in diskless environment

         # virt-install \
              --hvm \
              --name demo \
              --ram 500 \
              --nodisks \
              --livecd \
              --graphics vnc \
              --cdrom /root/fedora7live.iso

       Run /usr/bin/httpd in a linux container guest (LXC). Resource usage is capped at 512
       MB of ram and 2 host cpus:

         # virt-install \
               --connect lxc:/// \
               --name httpd_guest \
               --ram 512 \
               --vcpus 2 \
               --init /usr/bin/httpd

       Install a paravirtualized Xen guest, 500 MB of RAM, a 5 GB of disk, and Fedora Core 6
       from a web server, in text-only mode, with old style --file options:

         # virt-install \
              --paravirt \
              --name demo \
              --ram 500 \
              --file /var/lib/xen/images/demo.img \
              --file-size 6 \
              --graphics none \
              --location http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/core/6/x86_64/os/

       Create a guest from an existing disk image 'mydisk.img' using defaults for the rest of
       the options.

         # virt-install \
              --name demo
              --ram 512
              --disk /home/user/VMs/mydisk.img
              --import

       Test a custom kernel/initrd using an existing disk image, manually specifying a serial
       device hooked to a PTY on the host machine.

         # virt-install \
              --name mykernel
              --ram 512
              --disk /home/user/VMs/mydisk.img
              --boot kernel=/tmp/mykernel,initrd=/tmp/myinitrd,kernel_args="console=ttyS0"
              --serial pty

AUTHORS
       Written by Daniel P. Berrange, Hugh Brock, Jeremy Katz, Cole Robinson and a team of
       many other contributors. See the AUTHORS file in the source distribution for the
       complete list of credits.

BUGS
       Please see http://virt-manager.org/page/BugReporting

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2006-2011 Red Hat, Inc, and various contributors.  This is free
       software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public
       License "http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html". There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent
       permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       virsh(1), "virt-clone(1)", "virt-manager(1)", the project website
       "http://virt-manager.org"

                                          2012-01-31                          VIRT-INSTALL(1)